M19 Oxikit - Open Source Oxgen Concentrator #BananaShuruKaro #MakeinIndia
The more this pandemic is hitting India, the more important it is to realise why decentralisation of manufacturing will be key to solving various problems pertaining to healthcare in this country. A distributed approach to essential supplies!
Objective : To build a frugal DIY Oxi Kit (Oxygen Generator) that can be made with locally sourced materials in India to offer a decentralised way of manufacturing and bring relief to the extremely resource crunched hospitals in India.
Why this could be effective as a 2nd & 3rd Wave Strategy
- Offload 50-75% of demand off the healthcare system
- Send concentrators to patients’ homes w/ remote Telehealth monitoring
- ROX algorithm to predict hrs ahead to send critical patients to hospital
- Less deaths, catch them early- Less infected healthcare professionals
- Easy to build designs even 16 year olds can assemble using common and locally found parts
Specifications and Background
The Oxikit provides immediate access of up to 24 liters per minute (LPM) of O2 with ~92% concentration. The current target oxygen saturation range recommended for COVID-19 patients is between 92-96%. Picture and design source: https://oxikit.com/
Why would decentralisation work vs centralised approach?
- Decentralisation of off loads 1 unit/factory substantially
- Ownership and citizen led problem solving
- Agile and less movement
- Faster, better and cheaper
- Frugal way of innovation by empowering the local community - By the people and for the people
- Proven case study of the M19 Initiative of producing 1 Million Face Shields in 49 days during the National Lockdown in 2020 while no centralised factory could manufacture at the scale and speed
Proven Case Studies & More Information
- Case Study by University of Cambridge Researchers on the M19 Initiative and Digital Manufacturing Response to COVID 19 LINK
- Case Study by Open Source Medical Supplies on the M19 Initiative and why Open Source & Decentralised Way of Manufacturing is the future LINK
- More on the M19 Initiative LINK
We believe that leveraging the power of open innovation and open source methodology to build essential supplies will de-risk the country to rely on manufacturers who one, may not have capacities that large to serve a population of 1.3 Billion people and two, also will balance the supply and demand by offloading and enabling make in India truly via citizen led approach.
Investing into this research and prototyping now will have long term benefits vs buying.
Way to contribute
- Donate to the campaign
- Join the M19 Collective to make these in your city/town/village LINK
- Help spread the word
We run a small community makerspace in India called Maker’s Asylum, which started out of a garage in Bandra, Mumbai and now has become an innovation hub with the love and support of everyone that comes to the space. The community is full of passionate individuals who are makers at heart and want to make a difference in this world. While everything shut when India went into the biggest ever national lock-down on 23rd of March 2020, our team decided to self isolate at our space to keep making! Our M-19 initiative started with a thought of giving only 1000 M-19 shields to the frontline workers. However, in 49 days we were able to activate 42 cities, towns and villages through our open-source design and give over 1 Million M-19 face shields through #theM19Collective.