M-19 o2 Oxygen Concentrator #BananaShurukaro #MakeInIndia
The M-19 Philosophy
“If you teach a person how to make an oxygen generator, they will go on to save a village!”
Objective : Activation of local communities to make 2900 M19 Oxikit (with indigenously sourced parts) in cities, towns and villages in India and building capacity to manufacture & maintain locally and in a decentralised manner.
Why do we need to do this now?
Donating oxygen concentrators sourced from different parts of the world can solve the problem of oxygen availability in India, may be in the short term or may be even not - the objective of this project will target two big gaps of the country - skilling and lack of oxygen! And we know that this skilled community can solve many local problems with respect to technology usage, supporting frontline workers in addition to manufacturing & maintaining locally.
Here is an opportunity to think beyond what we can do today especially in the Indian context to really empower, educate and truly MAKE IN INDIA - for the community and by the community! This country is full of makers and your support will trickle down to generations.
OPEN INNOVATION = OPEN HEALTH
Some important points to note
- Currently there are no local large scale manufacturers of oxygen concentrators in India.
- Assumption over here is that this issue is not just an immediate problem but will be a long term requirement as a byproduct of COVID19.
- The issue with Chinese/foreign import at the moment is that while we are importing in bulk there are no support units to actually supervise installation, maintenance and technical support on ground for these oxygen concentrators.
- Thus indigenous manufacturing of oxygen concentrators with a local support ecosystem is the NEED OF THE HOUR!
What have we done so far?
- Re-engineered a US based design to work in the Indian environment with indigenously sourced parts
- Knowledge creation and documentation of the M19 Oxikit
- Validation of the M19 Oxikit on ground with hospitals, doctors and frontline workers
- Onboarding of an interdisciplinary group of makerspaces, labs, academia, industry, SMEs and large scale manufactures to share the knowledge and scale in parallel which is currently 100 organisations strong.
- In addition to this proven case study of producing 1 Million Face Shields in 49 days with 42 organisations across the country during the National Lockdown in 2020.
Why is this important as an effective long term strategy in addition to solving the current crisis in India?
- Activation of youth and local communities by empowering and skilling them instead of just donating these to hospitals and individuals will change the way access to health can work in this country
- Offloading 25-50% of demand off the weak healthcare infrastructure in India
- Make in India
Technical Specifications and Background
The M19 Oxikit provides immediate access of up to 24 liters per minute (LPM) of O2 with ~92% concentration. The current target oxygen saturation range recommended for COVID-19 patients is between 92-96%.
- Giving high concentration at high flow rate (>15LPM) compensates for the extremely compromised lung functioning for a COVID19 patient.
- For patients with Oxygen Concentration level <92% anything below 15 LPM & 92% concentration level (which is most oxygen concentrators in the market) will not be effective.
Why will the impact be larger than just 2900 Units? You are not just donating 2900 Units but you are activating makers, problem solvers through this project who will also be frontline support to the healthcare community.
So even if you activate at least 35 makers, problem solvers from this project the multiplier effect of that knowledge can create 100,000 units!
2900 X 35 = 100000
And the good news is that we already have over 400 makers working on this project in 100 cities, villages and towns as we speak!
Level 1 Impact - 2900 units of donation
Level 2 Impact - over 100,000 via decentralised approach